Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a group of symptoms that occur before the onset of menstruation. These symptoms can include physical and emotional changes, such as period cramps, bloating, headaches, fatigue, irritability, and sleeplessness. The exact cause of PMS is not known, but it is believed to be related to hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle.
The menstrual cycle is controlled by a complex interplay of hormones, including estrogen and progesterone. These hormones fluctuate throughout the cycle, with estrogen levels peaking in the first half and progesterone levels peaking in the second half. It is thought that these hormonal changes may trigger symptoms of PMS.
Common PMS symptoms
One of the most common symptoms of PMS is period cramps. These cramps occur as the uterus contracts to shed its lining, and they can be quite severe for some women. They are caused by the release of prostaglandins, which are chemicals that cause the uterus to contract. Painkillers such as ibuprofen can be used to relieve the pain, but it is important to note that prolonged use of these medications may have negative side effects in the long run.
Another common symptom of PMS is bloating. This occurs as the body retains water, leading to a feeling of fullness and discomfort. Hormonal changes in the menstrual cycle can cause the body to retain more water and salt, leading to bloating.
Headaches, fatigue and irritability are also common symptoms of PMS. Hormonal fluctuations during the menstrual cycle can cause changes in the levels of neurotransmitters such as serotonin, which can lead to headaches. The hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle can cause feelings of fatigue. This can be due to an increase in the levels of progesterone, which can make a person feel sleepy. PMS can cause mood swings and irritability. These symptoms may be related to the hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle, as well as to changes in the levels of neurotransmitters such as serotonin.
Sleeplessness is another common symptom of PMS. Studies have shown that women with PMS are more likely to experience insomnia, which can be caused by a variety of factors, including emotional stress and physical discomfort.
In addition to these symptoms, some women may also experience breast tenderness, acne, and weight gain during PMS. It’s important to note that the symptoms and their severity can vary greatly from person to person.
PMS affects many women in the United Kingdom. According to the Office for National Statistics, around 90% of women in the UK experience at least one symptom of PMS each month, and around 20% of women report experiencing moderate to severe symptoms.
PMS is women is completely normal in women and should not be something to worry about too much unless experiencing irregular and extremely severe symptoms. In which case it is always a good idea to check and discuss your symptoms to a trusted health practitioner.
Natural remedies for PMS
There are many alternative to over the counter drugs out there that could be a good idea to try when experiencing those end of month PMS symptoms. Our favourite list of natural remedies include:
- Exercise: Regular physical activity can help reduce PMS symptoms by decreasing bloating and improving mood. Can can be from going fo a walk outside or doing some yoga at home.
- Diet: Eating a healthy diet that is high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and low in salt and caffeine, can help reduce PMS symptoms. Eating healthy is always important no matter what. Always have a bowl of fruits around and EAT YOUR RAW VEGETABLES!
- Herbal remedies: Some herbs, such as chasteberry, evening primrose oil, and ginger, may help reduce PMS symptoms.
- Supplements: Certain supplements, such as calcium, magnesium, and vitamin B6, may help reduce PMS symptoms.
- Acupuncture: Acupuncture is a form of traditional Chinese medicine that involves inserting needles into specific points on the body. It may help reduce PMS symptoms by improving blood flow and regulating hormones.
- Relaxation techniques: Techniques such as meditation, deep breathing, and progressive muscle relaxation can help reduce stress and improve mood, which may help alleviate PMS symptoms.
- Hot or cold compresses: Applying hot or cold compresses to the abdomen or back may help reduce cramping and other physical symptoms of PMS.
- illumis – PMS Formula: A unique and proven natural formula that has been scientifically developed for PMS relief. The formula includes 4 different natural ingredients that work together to enhance their alleviating properties. Read more about illumis – PMS Formula here.
In conclusion, PMS is a group of symptoms that occur before the onset of menstruation and occur with 90% of women. Experiencing PMS symptoms is something that is completely normal and (unless severe) should not be something to worry about too much as a woman. The exact cause of PMS is not known, but it is believed to be related to hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle. Symptoms include period cramps, bloating, headaches, fatigue, irritability, sleeplessness and more. PMS affects most women around the world, with around 90% of women experiencing at least one symptom each month, and around 20% reporting moderate to severe symptoms. Natural remedies like yoga, healthy foods and dietary supplements are readily available in order to help you find some natural alleviation to your PMS symptoms.